Dublin – An Overview
The City of Dublin is chock full of potential day tours.
Baile Átha Cliath in modern Irish (town of the hurdled ford) or Dublin is in the province of Leinster and the capital city of Ireland. Dublin is situated on the east coast of Ireland at the mouth of the River Liffey, pretty much in the middle of the country’s eastern coastline. Dublin is derived from Irish ‘Dubhlinn’ which means ‘dark pool’. This is because a tidal pool was located where the River Poddle entered the river Liffey on the site of Dublin Castle in the city centre.
Dublin – the Location
The population of Dublin City and County is approximately 2 million. The scenic Dublin and Wicklow mountains (Glendalough) border Dublin to the south Meath borders Dublin to the North (Brú na Bóinne World Heritage Centre).
Dublin – Potted History
Dublin has had a very interesting history. It was a conquered Viking settlement in the 10th century and became the principal settlement in Ireland following the Norman Invasion in the 12th century and became the second largest city of the British Empire before the act of union in the 1800’s. So throughout, it has been a major player in terms of European cities right up to the present time.
Finally returning to the hands of the Irish after many failed native attempts to regain control, it became the Irish Republic in 1922, following the partition of the six northern counties, which still remain under British rule. Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State, later renamed Ireland.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Dublin as a global city in 2018. This makes it an ‘Alpha’ and places it among the top thirty cities in the world.
It is considered both a historical and contemporary centre of education, arts, culture administration and industry. During the boom of 2000 to 2008 the face of Dublin was transformed with buildings of the most famous and contemporary designs by some of the greatest architects from around the world.
In 1988, the Irish government gave recognition to the first settlement in Dublin in 988 by celebrating its official millennium.
Dublin tours can cover the modern and the historic.
Modern Dublin is proud to preserve and showcase the 18th century Georgian buildings which comprise the most notable of the city’s period architecture. If city architecture is of interest, some buildings worth seeking out are the Four Courts, the Custom House, Temple Bar and Grafton Street areas. Other areas with residential sites preserved and small parks are Merrion Square, Parliament House [the Dail], Royal Exchange, the Halfpenny Footbridge, the GPO (the centre of the Easter Rising of 1916 which has a related museum in the basement) and the incredibly wide O’ Connell Street and Bridge over the River Liffey.
Another must visit on our Dublin tours is the old Guinness Brewery site which is now a very interesting museum. The Guinness Brewery was founded in 1759, becoming the biggest Brewery in the world and the biggest employer in Dublin. The Guinness Company built comfortable apartment complexes for their many employees (now overseen by the Inveigh Trust) and also Liberties College, which was built to educate the wives of the factory workers in house husbandry and child care, while also offering childminding opportunities to mothers. Liberties College was later a primary school and today a college of further education.
Places to see that are near to each other in Dublin City Centre.
Places of Interest Near Trinity College
- Trinity College with the famous book of Kells in the reading library.
- The National Gallery
- Leinster House (the place of Irish government)
- National museum of Ireland
- Natural History Museum
- The Mansion House
- The Grand Masons Lodge, Molesworth Street and Kildare Street
Places of interest near Parnell Square
- Hugh Lane Gallery
- The Writers Museum
- The Gothic Abbey Presbyterian Church (known locally as Findlater’s church as merchant Alexander Findlater funded it in 1864)
- Olivier Cornet Gallery on 3, Denmark Street,
- The Garden of Remembrance, (for those who fought and died during 1916 rising)
- The old and intimate Ambassador Theatre if you have time to see a play is it a lovely theatre. All are located on Parnell Square.
- The Phoenix Park, (which is where the President of Ireland lives in Áras an Uachtaráin and across the way the American Ambassador to Ireland lives)
- Farmleigh House and Estate also in Phoenix Park
- St Stephens Green
- St Patrick’s Park
- The Iveagh Gardens
- War Memorial Gardens
- Fitzwilliam Square, all within the city centre.
- The Botanical Gardens in Glasnevin
- Padraig Pearse Museum and Park in Rathfarnham.
All the above are beautiful places to go for a break from the city buzz and relax among nature, rose gardens, trees and flowers.
So whether you are interested in contemporary or historical culture, our Dublin tours has something for everyone. As it is a relatively small city you can get to see many sites and places of prominence during quite a short visit.